The scariest thing about artificial insemination is the not knowing how it works and what the procedure is. Your fertility clinic will sit down with you and your partner to explain step by step the process that takes place, what drugs are used and what they are used for as well as the side effects and risks. The more you know and understand the more at ease you will feel when it comes to starting or planning for a family so be sure to ask lots of questions and not be afraid to ask for explanations.
If you’d like to find out a bit about the procedure before braving the fertility clinic below is the basic procedure that most fertility clinics follow.
Artificial insemination consists of 2 types of procedures:
Intrauterine insemination – this procedure is the most common procedure – while the second is intracervical insemination. Before any of these routes are taken both parties will undergo a basic physical exam; with tests done on both the male’s sperm as well as the woman’s eggs. These tests and analyses will help the doctor understand the underlying problem as to why natural pregnancy is being halted.
The doctor will then determine what fertility drugs are required or necessary before you begin the fertility treatment and while on this medication specific tests will be done to ensure the woman’s eggs are responding accordingly and developing healthily. Monitoring the ovulation cycle is one such test that will help to determine specific factors to ensure that the artificial insemination takes place at the most opportune time.
Your partner’s sperm is then inserted at the required time determined by your doctor once the sperm has been tested and prepared to help enhance the chance of conception. The whole process is usually painless and once it has been done examinations will follow to ensure that the deposit of the sperm has been placed correctly in the uterine cavity.
The whole process can be quite taxing emotionally so clinical support and counselling is provided to ensure that every aspect of the pregnancy is going smoothly and that the mother is processing the event and risks thereof in a clear and helpful manner. One’s mental well being is as important as one’s physical well being therefore this is a helpful aspect of the road ahead.
As has been mentioned already, ensure that you ask all the questions you have and understand the procedure so that you are at ease with what will take place before, during and after the fertility treatment.